GOOGLE 信息
当前位置:中国无籽西瓜网 > 专家园地 > 论文成果 > 查看内容

抗枯萎病和白粉病西瓜种质的分子标记筛选研究

发布日期:2017/9/18 10:21:02 浏览次数: 来源:中国无籽西瓜网  

抗枯萎病和白粉病西瓜种质的分子标记筛选研究

姬万丽 袁平丽 赵胜杰 路绪强 何楠 尚建立  刘文革[1]

中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所, 郑州, 450009

 

摘 要 西瓜枯萎病、白粉病是西瓜生产上的世界性病害,严重影响西瓜的产量和品质,因此筛选抗枯萎病和白粉病的种质资源对西瓜育种具有重要的意义本研究以198份不同种质资源类型的西瓜为试验材料,运用Caps标记技术分别对这些种质资源进行抗枯萎病、白粉病基因型分析。研究结果表明,198份种质资源中,76份表现为抗枯萎病基因型,占鉴定材料的38.4%35份表现为抗白粉病基因型,占鉴定材料的17.7%,在育成品种和育种材料中抗白粉病的种质相对于抗枯萎病的种质少。还发现了23份兼抗枯萎病和白粉病的品种,其中地方品种14份。以上结果可以为西瓜的抗病育种提供参考。

关键词 西瓜, 枯萎病, 白粉病, 种质资源, 分子标记

Research on Molecular Marker Screening of Watermelon Germplasm Resistant to Fusarium Wilt and Powdery Mildew

Ji Wanli Yuan Pingli Zhao Shengjie Lu Xuqiang He Nan Shang Jianli  Liu Wenge *

Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou, 450009

* Corresponding author, lwgwm@163.com

Abstract Fusarium wilt and powdery mildew are worldwide diseases in watermelon production. These diseases seriously effects watermelon yields and fruit quality. Thus, it is very important for breeding to screen the germplasm resources which are resistance to fusarium wilt and powdery mildew. In this study, 198 accessions of watermelon with different germplasm resources were used as test materials, and Caps molecular marker was used for screening fusarium wilt and powdery mildew resistant genotypes. The results showed that 76 accessions of germplasm resources, or around 38.4%, were fusarium wilt resistant genotypes in 198 accessions of germplasm resources, 35 accessions of germplasm resources were powdery mildew resistant genotypes, accounting for 17.7% of the total experimental materials, and powdery mildew resistant germplasm was less than fusarium wilt resistant germplasm, especially in improved cultivar and inbred lines. 23 resources tolerant to both powdery mildew and fusarium wilt were found in our study, and there were 14 local varieties in these materials. These results could provide reference for the disease resistance breeding of watermelon.

Keywords Watermelon, Fusarium wilt, Powdery mildew, Germplasm resource, Molecular marker

来源:分子植物育种,2017,15(7):2702-2710



基金项目: 本研究由国家自然科学基金项目(3167217831471893),国家西甜瓜产业技术体系(CARS-26-03), 中国农业科学院科技创新工程专项经费项目(CAAS-ASTIP-2016-ZFRI)共同资助。